By John Law
John legislations argues that equipment do not simply describe social realities yet also are thinking about growing them. the consequences of this argument are hugely major. if that is so, equipment are continually political, and it increases the query of what varieties of social realities we wish to create.
Most present equipment search for readability and precision. it is often stated that simply negative learn produces messy findings, and the concept issues on the earth could be fluid, elusive, or a number of is unthinkable. Law's startling argument is this is inaccurate and it's time for a brand new technique. Many realities, he says, are imprecise and ephemeral. If equipment need to know and aid to form the realm, then they should reinvent themselves and their politics to accommodate mess. that's the problem. not anything much less will do.
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Extra info for After method : mess in social science research
Deﬁniteness: does external reality come as a set of deﬁnite forms and relations? Again, the answer is both yes and no. Where statements fit together and reinforce one another the corresponding objects are named and acquire a deﬁnite form. Where this does not happen they do not. And, as Latour and Woolgar show, though the aim of the game is to make deﬁnite statements that correspond to deﬁnite realities, much of the time scientiﬁc inquiry deals with uncertainty, fuzziness and undecidability. An example: Latour and Woolgar describe the way that for a seven-year period starting in 1962 there was uncertainty about the existence and the character of a substance of particular interest to the Salk endocrinologists which came to be known as TRF.
Not by people. But in the practices made possible by networks of elements that make up the inscription device – and the networks of elements within which that inscription device resides. The realities, they are saying, simply don’t exist without their matching inscription devices. And, implicitly at least, they are also saying that such inscription devices – and even more so their particular products – are elaborate and networked arrangements that are more or less uncertain, more or less able to hold together, and more or less precarious.
The precariousness of the process of producing stable traces about stable realities is also witnessed by another well-documented feature of laboratory science: the fact that it is often surprisingly difﬁcult to reproduce the novel ﬁndings of one laboratory in other laboratories. 26 Is this a cause for suspicion? Is the new claim about reality doubtful? The answer is yes to both questions. If statements do not map on to one another, if the patterns do not repeat themselves, then the realities they report are being undermined.