By Liba Taub, Mary Jo Nye

Classical authors used either prose and poetry to discover and clarify the wildlife. In Aetna and the Moon, Liba Taub examines the range of the way during which historic Greeks and Romans conveyed clinical details. Oregon kingdom college Press is proud to provide this inaugural quantity within the Horning vacationing students sequence. In historical Greece and Rome, lots of the technical literature on clinical, mathematical, technological, and clinical matters was once written in prose, because it is this day. notwithstanding, Greek and Roman poets produced an important variety of greatly learn poems that handled medical subject matters. Why might an writer decide upon poetry to give an explanation for the wildlife? this question is complex via claims made, on account that antiquity, that the expansion of rational clarification concerned the abandonment of poetry and the rejection of delusion in want of technology. Taub makes use of texts to discover how medical rules have been disseminated within the historic international. The nameless writer of the Latin Aetna poem defined the technological know-how in the back of the volcano Etna with poetry. The Greek writer Plutarch juxtaposed clinical and mythic reasons in his discussion at the Face at the Moon. either texts supply a lens by which Taub considers the character of medical verbal exchange in historic Greece and Rome. common readers will relish Taub’s considerate dialogue in regards to the offerings on hand to historic authors to show their rules approximately science—as vital this present day because it used to be in antiquity—while Taub’s cautious study and vigorous writing will have interaction classicists in addition to historians of technological know-how.

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Letters were used for various purposes, including those intended to give philosophical advice and instruction, such as the three letters of Epicurus (341-270 BCE) preserved in the “Life of Epicurus” by Diogenes Laertius. Other letters contained technical or scholarly work on mathematical, mechanical, and medical topics. A number of letters written by ancient Greek mathematicians survives, indicating that letter writing was a useful mode of communication for them; Eratosthenes of Cyrene (c. 285-194 BCE), who lived in Alexandria, was the recipient of letters from Archimedes (c.

C. ”9 While such pronouncements may have been made lightly, there may also have been an element of seriousness. Within some definitions of mythology, the accounts of the traditional gods and their activities may be understood, quite reasonably, as a form of explanation. There was an ancient tradition of regarding the earliest poets, Homer and Hesiod, as intellectuals; standing at the fountainheads of tradition, they helped shape intellectual agendas. 10 One approach adopted by some ancient readers was to provide a “rationalizing” interpretation of the epic poems, through adopting an allegorical reading; as an example of this approach, the thirdcentury CE philosopher Porphyry pointed to the suggestion by Theagenes of Rhegium (flourished c.

74 Over time, a number of Peripatetic philosophers added to the collection. 75 Question-and-answer texts follow a basic pattern in which a question is posed and an answer is provided. The answers may range from rather brief (a few lines) to somewhat lengthy (the equivalent of several pages). 76 Collections of questions focusing on nature include the Pseudo-Aristotelian Problems and Seneca’s Natural Questions (or Questions about Nature). 77 Several of the books are specifically concerned with problems related to meteorological phenomena: Book 25 deals with air and Book 26 with wind.

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