By Sebastian Weissenberger, Omer Chouinard
The booklet presents a concise and interdisciplinary outlook at the affects of weather swap on coastal parts and the way coastal groups adapt to them. the 1st bankruptcy analyses how sea point upward thrust, altering ocean stipulations, or elevated weather variability and the socio-environmental context of the coastal sector results in weak groups. the second one bankruptcy addresses variation options and instruments, and offers a few examples in their program all over the world. The 3rd bankruptcy describes participative motion examine initiatives undertaken in New Brunswick and the way this group dependent method has enabled groups to extend their weather resilience.
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Extra resources for Adaptation to Climate Change and Sea Level Rise: The Case Study of Coastal Communities in New Brunswick, Canada
Dolan and Walker 2003; Klein and Nicholls 1999; Nicholls et al. 2007). The success of adaptation projects can be measured by quantitative indicators in several ways. A simple way to measure the success of a project is to monitor its 38 3 Adaptation Tools and Strategies progress, for example the timely and technically correct erection of a dam or floodgate. This does not however say anything about the usefulness of the project in question, which can be different from what was anticipated. ). In the case of risk disaster projects, the number of victims and homeless or the value of material damage for comparable events before and after adaptation can be used as an impact indicator.
They can be made from stone, cement, concrete, wood or other materials. The cost of a seawall reaches from 150 to 4000 dollars per meter (Eastern Research Group 2013). One of the problems of seawalls is flanking erosion affecting neighbouring unprotected segments, often forcing neighbours to install seawalls in turn. Over time, this leads to an entirely artiﬁcialized littoral (Fig. 4). Another major impact is the increased erosion of beaches in front of seawalls, leading to a rapid disappearance of beaches with all their habitats and ecological functions.
The notion of resilience goes further than that of adaptation to climate change, since resilience communities will be able to face diverse environmental, and even non-environmental challenges. In its ability to prepare communities for various challenges, the resilience approach is at the same time ideally suited to the complexity and uncertainty inherent to climate change, which explains why it has been readily adopted by the climate change adaptation community. e. where resilience breaks down.